高中英语写作常用句型教案

2021-01-11
高中英语写作教案 高中英语写作课教案 高中英语选修七教案

高中英语写作常用句型教案
(一)高中英语写作常用句型教案
1.直接问句:疑问词+助V+S...?问句动词要移到主词前
间接问句:S+V+疑问词+S+(助V)+V...「间接问句」不是问句
*他什么时候要走?我不知道他什么时候要走。
Whenwillhego?Idon’tknowwhenhewillgo.
2.
直接问句:助V+S+...?也就是要用Yes或No回答的问句
间接问句:S+V+whether+S+(助V)+V...
if
*你能不能来呢?你能不能来没关系。
Canyoucome(ornot)?Itmakesnodifferencewhetheryoucancome(ornot).
3.Do+S+V+[疑问字+S+V]?询问重点为”Do+S+V”
疑问字+do+S+V+[疑问字+S+V]?询问重点为”疑问字”
*A:Didyoutellmewhoshewas?B:Yes,Idid.
A:你有没有告诉过我她是谁?B:有啊,我告诉过你了。
*A:Whodidyoutellmeshewas?B:Sheismysister.
A:你告诉过我她是谁来着?B:她是我妹妹。
4.
你认为...如何?...如何?...好不好?(建议去做某事)
Howabout+O?
Whatabout+O?
Whatdoyousayto+O?O要用名词或Ving.
Whatdoyouthinkof+O?
Let’s+V,shallwe?
*去散散步好不好?
Howabout(taking)awalk?=Whatabout(taking)awalk?
=Whatdoyousayto(taking)awalk?=Whatdoyouthinkof(taking)awalk?
=Let’stakeawalk,shallwe?
5.一...就...;如果...就...
[命令句]and[S+V].[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
=If[S+V],[S+V].
*一动你就没命。
Stirandyouwillbeadeadman.=Ifyoustir,youwillbeadeadman.
6....否则...;如果不...就...
[命令句]or[S+V].
=If[S...not+V],[S+V].
=Unless[S+V],[S+V].
*穿上外衣,否则你会着凉的。
Putonacoat,oryou’lltakecold.
=Ifyoudon’tputonacoat,you’llcatchcold.
=Unlessyouputonacoat,you’llgetacold.
7.
多么...啊! (感叹句)
How+形+(a+n.)
副(S+V).感叹句不是问句
What+(a)+(形)+n.
*多么美的夜色啊!*这些男孩好丑啊!
Howbeautifulanight(itis)!Howuglytheboysare!
=Whatabeautifulnight(thisis)!=Whatuglyboys(theyare)!
8.
与现在事实相反的假设
IfS+were...,S+would,could+V
过去式Vmight,should
*要是我现在有翅膀,我要飞到美国。
IfIhadwings,Iwouldflytoyou.
9.
与过去事实相反的假设
IfS+had+pp...,S+would,could+have+pp.
might,should
*要是那时这鞋子我合穿的话,我就买了。
Iftheseshoeshadfittedme,Iwouldhaveboughtthem.
10.
与未来事实相反的假设
IfS+wereto+V...,S+would,could+V.
might,should
*即使明天太阳从西边升上来,我也不会做这样的事。
Evenifthesunweretoriseinthewesttomorrow,Iwouldnotdosuchathing.
11.
未来表「万一」
IfS+should+V...,S+would,should...+V.
will,shall...
*万一这次失败了,我会再试一次。
IfIshouldfailthistime,Iwill(would)tryagain.
12.
不确定的未来
IfS+V现在式...,S+shall,will+V
can,may
*如果明天天气好,我们就去野餐。
Ifitisfinetomorrow,wewillgoonapicnic.
13.
不能实现的愿望
+S+过去式V现在不可能的希望
Iwish+S+had+pp过去已不可能的希望
Wouldthatshould
Ifonly+S+would+V未来不可能的希望
could
*我要是一只鸟该多好。
IwishIwereabird.
我真希望你那时告诉我真相就好了。
Ifonlyyouhadtoldmethetruth.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
但愿明天我能跟你一起去就好了。
WouldthatIcouldgowithyoutomorrow.
*Ihopeyoucanhelpme.我希望你能帮我。可能实现
Iwishyoucouldhelpme.要是你能帮我就好了。不可能实现
14.「祝福.....」的用法
Iwish+[S+may+V]
May+S+V
Iwish+人+事物
(Iwish)+事物+to+人
*祝你成功。
Iwishyoumaysucceed.=Mayyousucceed.=Iwishyousuccess.=(Iwish)successtoyou.
15.
假设法if的省略
wereWere
IfS+had+...=Had+S+...
shouldShould
*我们不会失败的,要是失败,后果将如何呢?
Werewetofail,whatwouldhappen?(=Ifweweretofail,...)
要不是我早知道她的名字,当时我就糗了。
HadInotknownhername,Iwouldhavebeenembarrassed.(IfIhadnotknown...)
万一下雨,我们就不去了。
Shoulditrain,wewouldnotgo.(Ifitshouldrain,...)
16.要不是...,...
Butfor+O
Without+O,S+V假设法.
IfS+not+V假设法
*要不是有太阳,我们根本就无法生存。
Butforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall.
=Withoutthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall.
=Ifitwerenotforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall.
=Wereitnotforthesun,wecouldn’tliveatall.

17.
该是...的时候了。
It is (high)time+[S+过去式V]
wasshould+V
*该是我们上床睡觉的时候了。事实上还没睡
Itis(high)timewewenttobed.
=Itistimeweshouldgotobed.=Itistimeforustogotobed.
18.
...好像是...(其实不是)
S+VasifS+V假设法
asthough
*你看起来好像死了。
Youlookasifyouweredead.
19.n.
命令、建议、要求、坚持的adj.+that[S+(should)+原形V]
v.
*她父亲坚持她要跟那人结婚。
Herfatherinsistedthatshe(should)marrythatman.
*此类V.如:suggest,order,demand,command,insist,propose,...
*其实只要有「命令」、「建议」、「要求」、「坚持」意味的字,不论是名词、动词、形容词,其所接子句中的动词都该用原形、或”should+原形V”。
Itisnecessarythathetaketheexam.他必须参加考试不可。
20.cannot…..too…越…越好;再…也不为过
*交友要越小心越好。 Wecannotbetoocarefulinchoosingfriends.
=Youcanneverbeovercarefulinchoosingfriends.
=Onecanhardlybecarefulenoughinchoosingfriends.
21.
allall
both……not…=notboth……不都…(部分否定)
everyevery
*人不都诚实。比较:*人都不诚实。
Allmenarenothonest. Nomanishonest.
=Notallmenarehonest. =Allmenaredishonest.
22.
that….not+V
否定字+…but…..+V没有…不…
without+O.
*没有人不爱自己的孩子。
Thereisnoonebutloveshisownchild.
=Thereisnoonethatdoesnotlovehisownchild.
=Thereisnoonewithoutlovinghisownchild.=Everyoneloveshisownchild.
23.
to+V
not+Ving不(不定词、分词、动名词的否定都是在前面加not)
pp.
*他试着不再想她。*没办法帮他忙,我就离开了。
Hetriednottothinkofher.Notbeingabletohelphim,Ijustleft.
24.
No+n.禁止…;反对…;不准…
Ving
*非公莫入。*禁止停车。 
Noadmittanceexceptonbusiness. Noparking.
25.Thereisno+Ving不可能…;没有人能…
=Itisimpossibleto+V
*简直不知道会发生什么事。
Thereisnotellingwhatmayhappen.
=Thereisnowayoftellingwhatmayhappen.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
=Itisimpossibletotellwhatmayhappen.=Noonecantellwhatmayhappen.
26.notonlyAbut(also)B不但A而且BB才是重点,所以动词与B一致
=BaswellasA
*不但怪你,也怪你的朋友。Notonlyyoubutalsoyourfriendistoblame.
=Yourfriendaswellasyouistoblame.
27.notAbutB不是A而是B
=BnotA
*我感兴趣的不是化学,而是物理。
WhatIaminterestedinisnotchemistry,butphysics.
=WhatIaminterestedinisphysics,notchemistry.
28.
人+beabove+Ving耻于…;不屑…
n.
*她不屑发问。Sheisaboveaskingquestions.
29.thelast+n.最不可能的…;再怎么说也不会的…
*他是最不可能出卖你的人。(他再怎么说也不会出卖你)
Hewillbethelastpersontobetrayyou.
30.failto+V未能…neverfailto+V一定…;务必…
=beunableto+V=V+withoutfail
*他未能实时到达。*我一定会守信。
Hefailedtoarriveintime.Ineverfailtokeepmyword.
=Hewasunabletoarriveintime.=Ikeepmywordwithoutfail.
31.一点也不……;绝不…
…not…atall=…innoway=…bynomeans=…notintheleast
=farfrom…=anythingbut…
*那男孩一点也不用功。Theboyisnotdiligentatall.
=Theboyisfarfromdiligent.
32.
很多….
Much+不可数名词many+可数名词
notalittleNotafew
nolittlenofew
quitealittlequiteafew
agreatdealofagreatnumberof
*他有很多钱,但我有很多书。
Hehasmuchmoney,butIhavemanybooks.
=Hehasnotalittlemoney,butIhavenotafewbooks.
=Hehasnolittlemoney,butIhavenofewbooks.
=Hehasquitealittlemoney,butIhavequiteafewbooks.
=Hehasagreatdealofmoney,butIhaveagreatnumberofbooks.
33.Itgoeswithoutsayingthat…..不用说都知道….
Needlesstosay,……
*不用说都知道诚实是最上策。
Itgoeswithoutsayingthathonestyisthebestpolicy.
=Needlesstosay,honestyisthebestpolicy.
34.
否定字词放句首的倒装句。应按问句形式,倒装助动词。
Never,No,Seldom,Little,Not,Nothing…+助V+S+V…..
be+S….
Hardly,Rarely,Scarcely,…
Bynomeans,Undernocircumstances,…
*我将永远忘不了那一段美好的求学时代。
Ishallneverforgetthebeautifulschooldays.
=NevershallIforgetthebeautifulschooldays.
他很少迟到。我绝不会原谅他。
Heishardlylate.Iwillforgivehimbynomeans.
=Hardlyishelate.=BynomeanswillIforgivehim.
35.Only词组放句首的倒装句

Only…..+助V+S+V…..
be+S….
*我们只有靠着努力工作才能成功。
Wecansucceedonlybyworkinghard.
=Onlybyworkinghardcanwesucceed.
36.地方副词放句首的倒装句
地方副词+V+S(名词)
V需为不及物动词
S(代名词)+V
*乞丐在大门口等。*她坐在柜台后面。
Thebeggarwaitedatthegate.Shesatbehindthecounter.
=Atthegatewaitedthebeggar.=Behindthecountershesat.
36.主词补词放句首的倒装句
主词补词+V+SV需为不及物动词(所以后面才有主词补语)
*我的生活很空虚。Mylifeisempty.=Emptyismylife.
37.
So(也)的倒装句
So+助V+S…也是。So+S+助V…的确…。
BeBe
=S+助V,too=Yes,S+助V
BeBe
*你年轻,我也是。*A:听说你做得很好。B:的确是。
Youareyoung,andsoamI.A:Ihearyoudidagoodjob.B:Sowedid.
=Youareyoung,andIam,too.=A:Ihearyoudidagoodjob.B:Yes,wedid.
*否定「也不」倒装要用neither。
如:Youarenotyoung,andIamnot,either
=Youarenotyoung,andneitheramI.用neither后面不要再有not
38.
as(像),than(比)的倒装句
……as助V+S……than助V+S
bebe
=……as+S助V=……than+S助V
Bebe
*他买的衣服和他太太的一样多。
Hehasboughtasmanyclothesashashiswife.
=Hehasboughtasmanyclothesashiswife(has).
我们的教务主任比校长能干。[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanisourprincipal.
=Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanourprincipalis.
=Ourdirectorofstudiesismorecapablethanourprincipal.
39.
such(如此的),so(如此地)的倒装句如此…以致于……
Sissuch+that子句Sissoadj.+that子句
astoVastoV
=SuchisS+that子句=Soadj.isS+that子句
astoVastoV
*我的英文进步很大所以父母很高兴。
MyprogressinEnglishwassuchthatitpleasedmyparents.
=MyprogressinEnglishwassuchastopleasemyparents.
=SuchwasmyprogressinEnglishthatitpleasedmyparents.
=SuchwasmyprogressinEnglishastopleasemyparents.
=MyprogressinEnglishwassogreatthatitpleasedmyparents.
=MyprogressinEnglishwassogreatastoitpleasemyparents.
=SogreatwasmyprogressinEnglishthatitpleasedmyparents.
=SogreatwasmyprogressinEnglishastopleasemyparents.
40.
“It”做「虚主词」
(for人)toV
It+V…..+that子句
wh子句
*整天待在家对健康不好。
Itisbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday.
=Itisbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday.
41.
“It”做「虚受词」
(for人)toV
S+Vt+it+受词补语+V…..+that子句
wh子句
*我认为整天待在家对健康不好。
Ithinkitbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday.
=Ithinkitbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday.
=Ithink(that)itisbadforhealthtokeepindoorsallday.
=Ithink(that)itisbadforhealththatonekeepsindoorsallday.
42.
…据说…;…听说…
People(They)saythatS+V
=I(We)hear
=I’m(We’re)told
=Itissaid
=S+issaid+toV
*据说他从前很有钱。
Peoplesaythatshewasrich.
=Itissaidthatshewasrich.
=Sheissaidtohavebeenrich.
43.S1+V连接词S1+V
=……..先行词+(关系代名词)…..用关代连接两句有一相同名词的句子
*我有一个做老师的叔叔。*我有一个我从未见过的叔叔。
Ihaveanuncle,andheisateacher.Ihaveanuncle,andIhaveneverseenhim.
=Ihaveanunclewhoisateacher.=Ihaveanuncle(whom)Ihaveneverseen.
*我有一个全家都在美国的叔叔。
Ihaveanuncle,andhisfamilyareallinAmerica
=IhaveanunclewhosefamilyareallinAmerica.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
44.
凡是…的人(们)……..。
Those(people)who子句+复数VHewho子句+单数V
Theywho子句Onewho子句
Peoplewho子句Anyonewho子句
Such(people)as子句Whoever子句
*凡是有钱的人都不会缺乏朋友。
Thosewhohavemoneydonotwantforfriends.
=Suchashavemoneydonotwantforfriends.
=Hewhohasmoneydoesnotwantforfriends.
=Whoeverhasmoneydoesnotwantforfriends.
45.
as或which当关代,代替前面的词组或整个句子。
…词组,as[which]…
…子句
As...,………….as子句还可移到句首,which子句不行
*他是外国人,这是我从他的口音知道的。
Hewasaforeigner,asIknewfromhisaccent.
=Hewasaforeigner,whichIknewfromhisaccent.
=AsIknewfromhisaccent,hewasaforeigner,
(=Hewasaforeigner,andIknewitfromhisaccent.)
46.
准关系代名词but,as,than
1.否定字…+but不完整子句没有…不…but有否定的意思
2.such
thesame…+as不完整子句…像….
as
3.比较级…+than不完整子句…比…
*我们班没有人不希望进大学。
Inourclassthereisnoonethatdoesnothopetogotocollege.
=Inourclassthereisnoonebuthopestogotocollege.
让孩子们读点使他们更好、更聪明的书。
Letchildrenreadthosebookswhichwillmakethembetterandwise.
=Letchildrenreadsuchbooksaswillmakethembetterandwise.
结果产品供过于求。
Asaresult,therearemoreproductsthanarerequired.
47.
…像…一样…不像…一样
asadj.asS+Vnotas[so]adj.asS+V
adv.adv.
*今天不像昨天一样热。
Itisnotashottodayasitwasyesterday.否定句中,第一个as可用so代
=Itisnotsohottodayasitwasyesterday.
(=Itisnotso[as]hottodayasyesterday.)
48.
…是最….
S+…比较级…+thananyother….
Noso…as
比较级…than
=never…+
+S

can’t
*生命是一切东西中最宝贵的
Lifeismorepreciousthananyotherthing.(=Lifeisthemostpreciousofall.)
=Nothingissopreciousaslife.
=Nootherthingismorepreciousthanlife.
49.The比较级…,the比较级…..越…就越…
*他等得越久就越生气。
Thelongerhewaited,theangrierhebecame.
我们遭遇的挫折越多,我们的国家就越强大。
Themorefrustrationsweencounter,thestrongerourcountrybecomes.
50.As…,so….正如…,…也一样。
*怎样播种,就会怎样收成。(正如你播种,你也一样地收成)
Asyousow,soyoushallreap.
=Asyousow,soshallyoureap.
(=Youmustreapwhatyouhavesown.)
51.A之于B犹如C之于D。

AistoBasCistoD
what
*阅读之于心灵,犹如食物之于身体。
Readingistothemindasfoodistothebody.
=Readingistothemindwhatfoodistothebody.
(=Asfoodistothebodysoisreadingtothemind.)
52.…nomore…than…和…一样不…(两者皆非…)
…noless…than…和…一样…(两者皆一样…)
*她跟你一样不用功。*你跟你母亲一样漂亮。
Sheisnomorediligentthanyou.Youarenolessbeautifulthanyourmother.
=Sheisnotdiligent,norareyou.=Youareasbeautifulasyourmother.
=Neithershenoryouarediligent.=Bothyouandyourmotherarebeautiful.
53.宁愿...也不愿...

wouldrather
hadsooner+V+than+V
=prefer+n.ton.
VingVing
=prefer+toV+ratherthan+V
*我宁愿站也不愿坐。
Iwouldratherstandthansit.
=Iwouldsoonerstandthansit[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
=Ihadsoonerstandthansit.
=Ihadratherstandthansit
=Ipreferstandingtositting.
=Iprefertostandratherthansit.
54.notsomuchAasB与其说是A不如说是B
*人生的成功与其说是在于天才,不如说是在于勤奋。
Successinlifedependsnotsomuchontalentasondiligence.
55.(是...的)几倍...
as+adj.(+asB)看动词决定用adj.或adv.
A+V+倍数+adj.比较级(+thanB)
the名词(+ofB)
*这条河是那条河的两倍长。
Thisriveristwiceaslongasthat.
=Thisriveristwicelongerthanthat.
=Thisriveristwicethelengthofthat.
56.knowbetter+thantoV不会那么傻到去做...
*我不会蠢到去做那样的事。
Iknowbetterthantodosuchathing.(=Iamnotsofoolishastodosuchathing.)
57.(Al)thoughS+V,S+V.虽然...但是...
*虽然他穷,但是很快乐。
Although(Though)heispoor,(yet)heisveryhappy.
=Althoughpoor,heisveryhappy.有although就不要有but
=Heispoor,butheisveryhappy.有but就不要有although
58.
虽然...;尽管...
Although+S+V,~~.
 Forall
 Withall
=Inspiteof
 Despite
 Notwithstanding+n.
Ving. , .
*尽管她有钱,但是并不快乐。
Althoughsheiswealthy,sheisunhappy.
=Inspiteofherwealth,sheisunhappy.
59.
A+名词
形容词
副词+as[though]S+V,...........虽然...;尽管...
分词
动词原形
*她虽是女流之辈,却很有信心。
Althoughsheisawoman,shehasmuchconfidence.
=Womanassheis,shehasmuchconfidence.冠词要去掉
看来难以置信,但却是真的。
Althoughitseemsimpossible,itistrue.
=Impossiblethoughitseems,itistrue.
即使他去试,他也不可能成功。
Althoughhemaytry,hecannotsucceed.
=Tryashemay,hecannotsucceed.甚至连动词也可以移前
60.
Wh-ever......,S+V.无论...(何时、何地、谁、什么...), 。
=Nomatterwh-......,S+V.
*无论什么时候去看他,都会发现他埋首书桌。
Whenever[=Nomatterwhen]wecallonhim,wewillfindhimathisdesk.
不管做什么,都要把它做好。
Whatever[=Nomatterwhat]youmaydo,doitwell.
不管你是谁的儿子,我一视同仁。[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
Whosever[=Nomatterwhose]sonyouare,Ican’tmakeanexceptionofyou.
61.Whether...AorB,........无论是A还是B,..........
*无论晴雨,我都会在那里。
Whetheritmayrainorshine,Iwillbethere.
无论他来不来,结果都会是一样。
Whetherhecomesornot,theresultwillbethesame.
62.
「虽然......;无论」还有以下两种特殊句型
Although+S+V...,......

原形V+S...,........Wh-ever+S+V...,..........

原形V+wh-ever+S...,........
*虽然家很简陋,但还是没有地方比家好。
Althoughitiseversohumble,thereisnoplacelikehome.
=Beiteversohumble,thereisnoplacelikehome.
不管你怎么说,我都不相信。
Whateveryoumaysay,Idon’tbelieveit.
=Saywhat(ever)youmay,Idon’tbelieveit.
63.直到...才...
S...notV+until.....
=Notuntil......+助V+S+V倒装句
=Itisnotuntil......+that+S+V
*直到十一点,我才睡着。
Ididn’tfallasleepuntil(itwas)eleven.
=Notuntil(itwas)elevendidIfallasleep.
=Itwasnotuntil(itwas)eleventhatIfellasleep.
64.一......就......
AssoonasS+V,S+V
=ThemomentS+V,S+V此处moment亦可用minute,instant代替
=OnceS+V,S+V此处once亦可用directly,immediately,instantly代替
=On+Ving,S+V前后主词相同时
=At+n.,S+V前后主词相同时
*一听到这消息,他就高兴得发了狂。
Assoonasheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Themomentheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Theinstantheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Onceheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Directlyheheardthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Onhearingthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.
=Atthenews,hewasbesidehimselfwithjoy.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
65.
一......就......此句型只用在过去式中
AssoonasS+V,S+V
=S+hadhardlyppwhenS+V
scarcelybefore
=S+hadnosoonerppthanS+V比较级sooner后面连接词用than
=Nosooner+had+S+ppthanS+V倒装句
*阵雨一过,天空就出现美丽的彩虹了。
Assoonastheshowerpassed,abeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky.
=Theshowerhadhardlypassedbeforeabeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky.
=Theshowerhadnosoonerpassedthanabeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky.
=Nosoonerhadtheshowerpassedthanabeautifulrainbowappearedinthesky.
66.自从.....已有(一段时间)
It
is一段时间sinceS+Ved.
hasbeen
=一段时间havepassedsinceS+Ved.
*我毕业已经有三年了。
Itis[hasbeen]threeyearssinceIgraduatedfromschool.
=ThreeyearshavepassedsinceIgraduatedfromschool.
67.
......目的是为了......
sothat
S+VinorderthatSmayV表目的的「连接词」
that
soasto
=S+Vinorderto+V表目的的「不定词」
to
withaviewto
=S+Vforthesakeof+n.[Ving]表目的的「介系词」
withtheaimof
*我们努力用功目的是为了要有所成就。
Westudyhardsothatwemaysucceed.
=Westudyhardthatwemaysucceed.
=Westudyhardsoastosucceed.
=Westudyhardtosucceed.
=Westudyhardforthesakeofsuccess.
68.......目的是为了不要......;以免......;唯恐......
lest
S+VforfearthatS(should)+原型V
incasethat
=S+Vforfearof+Ving.
*不要常去那儿,以免招来闲话。
Don’tgothereoftenlestyou(should)getyourselftalkedabout.
=Don’tgothereoftenforfearthatyou(should)getyourselftalkedabout.
=Don’tgothereoftenforfearofgettingyourselftalkedabout.
(=Don’tgothereofteninordernottogetyourselftalkedabout.)
69.
如此......以至于......
so+adj+(a+n.)+that子句
astoV
adv.
such+(a)+(adj)+n.
*他很诚实所以大家都相信他。
Heissohonestamanthatheistrustedbyall.
=Heissohonestamanastobetrustedbyall.
=Heissohonestthatheistrustedbyall.
=Heissohonestastobetrustedbyall.
=Heissuchanhonestmanthatheistrustedbyall.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
=Heissuchanhonestmanastobetrustedbyall.
70.一则因为A,再则因为B,......
WhatwithAand(whatwith)B
*一方面因为饿,在方面因为累,他因而倒在路上。
Whatwithhungerand(whatwith)fatigue,hefelldownontheroad.
71.当「介系词」的to:以下的to都是介系词(后面要接n.或Ving)
反对:objectto+Ving=beopposedto+Ving
习惯于:beusedto+Ving=beaccustomedto+Ving
考虑:givethoughtto+Ving
喜欢:taketo+Ving
盼望;期待:lookforwardto+Ving
专心;致力于:bedevotedto+Ving=devoteoneselfto+Ving
=bededicatedto+Ving=dedicateoneselfto+Ving
=applyoneselfto+Ving
要不要...?:Whatdoyousayto+Ving?
....目的为了:....withaviewto+Ving
因为:owingto+Ving=dueto+Ving

72.
usedto+V过去经常........
=would+V
beusedto+n.习惯于.........
Ving
=beaccustomedto+n.
Ving
beusedto+V被用来..........
=beusedfor+Ving
*他过去经常熬夜。
Heusedtosituplate.
=Hewouldsituplate.
*他已习惯于过这种生活。
Heisusedtolivingsuchalife.
=Heisusedtosuchalife.
=Heisaccustomedtolivingsuchalife.
=Heisaccustomedtosuchalife.
*碎石常用来筑路。
Gravelismuchusedtomakeroads.
=Gravelismuchusedformakingroads.
73.
以下为后面常接Ving当受词的动词:
喜爱:enjoy+Ving练习:practice+Ving完成:finish+Ving
介意:mind+Ving放弃:giveup+Ving保持:keep+Ving国中程度

期待:anticipate+Ving(=expect+toV)避免:avoid+Ving
建议:suggest+Ving冒险:risk+Ving
忍住;抵抗:resist+Ving承认:admit+Ving
真想不到:Fancy+Ving=Imagine+Ving逃避:escape+Ving
忍受:stand+Ving原谅:excuse+Ving
否认:deny+Ving考虑:consider+Ving
记得:recall+Ving延搁:delay+Ving
错过:miss+Ving感激:appreciate+Ving
想要:feellike+Ving

74.Need,want,deserve后面接Ving表示被动
需要被....
S+need+Ving
=S+need+tobepp.
=S+need+n.需要被....
S+want+Ving
=S+want+tobepp.
=S+want+n.值得被....
S+deserve+Ving
=S+deserve+tobepp.
=S+deserve+n.
*我们的学校需要改善。
Ourschoolneedsimproving.
=Ourschoolneedstobeimproved.
=Ourschoolneedsimprovement.
75.
值得......
S+be+worthVing
n.
=S+be+worthyofbeingpp.
tobepp.
=ItisworthwhileVing
toV
=Itpays+toV
*这本书值得买。
Thisbookisworthbuying.
=Thisbookisworthyofbeingbought.
=Thisbookisworthytobebought.
=Itisworthwhiletobuythisbook.
=Itpaystoreadthisbook.
*worth和busy是罕见的两个后面要加Ving的形容词。如:Heisbusyreading.
76.
difficulty
trouble
havefun+(in)+Ving
pleasure
agood(hard)time
*我好不容易才找到你的家。
Ihadahardtime(in)findingyourhome.
77.goVing去从事某活动
dotheVing做某件工作
*我们去游泳吧。
Let’sgoswimming.(=Let’sgoforaswim.)
*我自己做饭。
Idothecookingmyself.(=Icookmyself.)
78.
以下为后面常接toV当受词的动词:
要:want+toV需要:need+toV希望:hope+toV
但愿:wish+toV帮忙:help+toV学习:learn+toV国中程度
决定decide+toV想要:wouldlike+toV

害怕:fear+toV提议:offer+toV同意:agree+toV
意欲:mean+toV拒绝:refuse+toV设法:menage+toV
假装:pretend+toV承诺:promise+toV下决心:determine+toV
尝试:attempt+toV努力:endeavor+toV期待:expect+toV

79.以下为后面接toV或Ving当受词皆可的动词:
开始:begin+toV,begin+Ving开始:start+toV,start+Ving,
喜欢:like+toV,like+Ving,喜爱:love+toV,love+Ving,国中程度

讨厌:hate+toV,hate+Ving,计划:plan+toV,plan+Ving,
比较喜欢:prefer+toV,prefer+Ving,害怕:dread+toV,dread+Ving,
打算:intend+toV,intend+Ving停止:cease+toV,cease+Ving,

80.以下为后面接toV或Ving当受词意义不同的动词:
stop+toV停止(做...)
stop+Ving停下来,去做...remember+toV记得要去做....
remember+Ving记得曾做过....
forget+toV忘记要去做....
forget+Ving忘记曾做过....try+toV(努力)试着去做好....
try+Ving做......试看看有没有效
goon+toV接着去做(不同的事)
goon+Ving继续做(同一件事)regret+toV抱歉将要去.......
regret+Ving后悔曾......
人mean+toV某人打算......
事物mean+Ving某物的意义是....人need+toV某人需要去.....
物need+Ving某物需要被......

81.
......没有用;......有什么用呢?
Itis(of)nouse+toV
Ving

=Itisnogood+Ving
=Itisuseless+toV
use
=Thereisnogoodin+Ving
point
use
=Whatisthegoodof+Ving?
point
*说也没用。
Itis(of)nousetalking.=Itis(of)nousetotalk.
=Itisnogoodtalking.=Itisuselesstotalk.
=Thereisnopointintalking.=Whatistheuseoftalking?
82.突然.....起来
burstout+Ving
=burstinto+n.
*她突然哭了起来。*她突然笑了起来。
Sheburstoutcrying.Sheburstoutlaughing.
=Sheburstintotears.=Sheburstintolaughter.
83.
动词做句子的主词动词要改成ToV或Ving
ToV......+V(单数)........
Ving......
*早睡早起有益健康。
Tokeepearlyhoursisgoodforhealth.
=Keepingearlyhoursisgoodforhealth.
84.
tooadj.
adv.toV太.....而不......adj.enough......(toV)够......所以会......
for+O.adv.
*他太年轻无法承担这工作。
Heistooyoungtodothetask.
=Heistooyoungforthetask.(=Heissoyoungthathecannotdothetask.)
*他很聪明所以会知道那件事。
Heiswiseenoughtoknowthat.
85.toV的动作发生的时间
S+V......+toV.两个动作同时发生
S+V......+tohavepp.不定词动作发生在先
*他似乎现在很有钱。
Heseemstoberich.(=Itseemsthatheisrich.)[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
*他似乎过去很有钱。
Heseemstohavebeenrich.(=Itseemsthathewasrich.)
86.
更不要说.....;何况......
S+V......,tosaynothingof......
nottomention......
nottospeakof......
letalone........
*他连英语都会讲,更不要说中文了。
HecanspeakEnglish,tosaynothingofMandarin.
=HecanspeakEnglish,nottomentionMandarin.
=HecanspeakEnglish,nottospeakofMandarin.
=HecanspeakEnglish,letaloneMandarin.
87.donothingbut+原形V只.........(动作)but可换成except
*他只是笑。
Hedoesnothingbuteat.(=Hedoesnotdoanythingbuteat.)
*假如前面的动词不是do,nothingbut要看成等于only,由该动词决定后面形式。
如:Heenjoysnothingbuteating.他只喜欢吃。Enjoy+Ving
88.
不得不......;忍不住......
can’thelp+Ving
but
=can’thelpbut+V
choosebut
=havenochoicebut+toV
=havenoalternativebut+toV
*我不得不做。
Ican’thelpdoingit.
=Ican’thelpbutdoit.=Ican’tbutdoit.
=Ihavenochoicebuttodoit.
89.
即将......;正要......
begoingto+V
=beaboutto+V
=beonthepointofVing
n.point可换成verge,edge,brink,eve
*人之将死,其言也善。
Whenamanisgoingtodie,hiswordsaregood.
=Whenamanisabouttobreathehislast,hiswordsarenice.
=Whenamanisonthepointofdeath,hiswordsaregracious.
90.你只要......就可以了。
Allyouhavetodois+(to)Vall后面可以有关代that
=Whatyouhavetodois+(to)Vwhat后面不可以再有that
=Theonlythingyouhavetodois+(to)V
=YouhaveonlytoV.
*你只要尽力而为就行了。
Allyouhavetodois(to)doyourbest.
=Whatyouhavetodois(to)doyourbest.
=Theonlythingyouhavetodois(to)doyourbest.=Youhaveonlytodoyourbest.
91.当形容词用的现在分词Ving有主动、正在、令人…...的意思。
当形容词用的过去分词pp.有被动、已经、感到……的意思。
*我不会照顾正在哭的婴儿。Ican’ttakecareofacryingbaby.主动正在哭的
我父亲是一位退休的将军。Myfatherisaretiredgeneral.已经退休的
这是一项令人振奋的消息。Thisisapieceofexcitingnews.令人振奋的
激动的暴民纵火烧大楼。Theexcitedmobsetfiretothebuilding.感到激动的
口语英文比较难。SpokenEnglishismoredifficult被说的
92.1.n.+形容词子句
可改成n.+Ving词组子句中动词为主动时

2.n.+形容词子句
可改成n.+pp.词组子句中动词为被动时
*那本属于他的书不见了。*藏在书里的邮票不见了。
Thebookwhichbelongstohimislost.Thestampwhichishiddeninthebookisgone.
=Thebookbelongingtohimislost.=Thestamphiddeninthebookisgone.
93.S+来往站坐V+分词分词当主词补语用
*他跑着来。他们锻羽而归。
Hecamerunning.Theyreturneddefeated.
*来往动词包含「来」「去」「出发」「回来」等
站坐动词包含「站」「坐」「躺」「存在」「停留」「休息」等
94.
S+感官V
使役V+O.+原形V一般主动
Ving强调正在进行的主动
pp.被动
*我看见他走进了医院。*他走进医院的时候被我看到。
Isawhimenterthehospital.Isawhimenteringthehospital.
*我看见他被送进了医院。我把我的作文拿去给老师改。
Isawhimsenttohospital.Ihadmycompositioncorrectedbyourteacher.
*我叫他去做。Ihavehimdoit.=Imakehimdoit.
=Igethimtodoit.get人+toV是超级大例外
95.
find
leave+O.+
keepVing主动
pp.被动[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
*他发现狗被杀了。Hefoundhisdogkilled.
很抱歉让你久等了。I’msorryIhavekeptyouwaitingsolong.
96.分词构句:
副词子句,S+V.
=分词构句,S+V.主动用Ving,被动用pp.
*看到电动玩具时,他高兴得叫了起来。
Whenhesawthevideomachine,heexclaimedwithjoy.
=(When)Seeingthevideomachine,heexclaimedwithjoy.意思清楚时,连接词可省。
*虽然旅馆客满,我们还是设法弄到一个房间。
Thoughthehotelwascrowded,wemanagedtofindaroom.
=Thehotelcrowded,wemanagedtofindaroom.两句主词不同时,主词还是留下。
97.分词构句表「接续动作」的变化句型
S+VandS+V.
=S+V,分词构句,主动用Ving,被动用pp.
*她吓呆了,都不知道该怎么办。
Shestoodamazed,and(she)didnotknowwhattodo.
=Shestoodamazed,notknowingwhattodo.
98.分词构句表「附带状况」的变化句型
S1+VandS2+V.
=S1+V,S2分词构句主动用Ving,被动用pp.
=S1+V,withS2分词构句主动用Ving,被动用pp.
*老师站在黑板前,双臂交叉。
Theteacherstoodinfrontoftheblackboard,andhisarmswerefolded.
=Theteacherstoodinfrontoftheblackboard,hisarmsfolded.
=Theteacherstoodinfrontoftheblackboard,withhisarmsfolded.
=Theteacherstoodinfrontoftheblackboard,and(he)foldedhisarms.
=Theteacherstoodinfrontoftheblackboard,foldinghisarms.
99.
1.S+may[might]well+V有理由......;难怪......
2.S+may[might]aswell+V最好......;不如......较好
3.S+mayaswellAasB与其B不如A
S+mightaswellAasB做B等于做A
*难怪你这么说。
Youmaywellsayso.=Youmightwellsayso.
(=Youhavegoodreasonstosayso.=Nowonderyousayso.)
*你最好不要鬼混了。
Youmayaswellnotfoolaround.=Youmightaswellnotfoolaround.
(=Youhadbetternotfoolaround.)
*凡事知之不尽不如不知。
Onemayaswellnotknowathingatallasknowitimperfectly.
*你借钱给他等于丢到海里。
Youmightaswellthrowyourmoneyintotheseaaslendittohim.
100下列助动词后接原形V或havepp.意思不同:
shouldV现在应该(should=oughtto)
shouldhavepp.过去应该做而未做的事Heshoulddothat.
Heshouldhavedonethat.
can(not)V现在疑问或否定推测
can(not)havepp.过去疑问或否定推测
couldhavepp.过去能做而未做的事Canhedothat?
Hecan’thavedonethat.
Hecouldhavedonethat.(buthedidn’t)
mustV现在极肯定推测
musthavepp.过去肯定推测Hemustbetired.
Hemusthavedonethat.
mayV现在可能
mayhavepp.过去可能Hemaydothat.
Hemayhavedonethat.
mightV现在可能
mighthavepp.过去本来可能....(但并未发生)Hemightdothat.
Hemighthavedonethat.(buthedidn’t)
didn’tneedtoV过去不必做....(但不知做了没)
needn’thavepp.过去可以不必做....(但却做了)Hedidn’tneedtodothat.
Heneedn’thavedonethat.(buthedid.)
101.「穿衣服」的用法
1.(动作)穿上.....人puton衣服
2.(状态)穿着.....人wear衣服
=人dress人+in衣服(dressvt.=clothevt.)
=人bedressed+in衣服
=人be+in衣服
=人have衣服on
*衣服穿上跟我走。Putonyourclothesandcomewithme.
*她总是穿着绿色衣服。Shealwayswearsgreen.
=Shealwaysdressesherselfingreen.
=Sheisalwaysdressedingreen.[emailprotected]@[emailprotected]
=Sheisalwaysingreen.
=Shealwayshasgreenon.
102.「花时间」的用法
人spend时间+(in)Ving.spend一定是人当主词,后面用Ving
=人take时间+toV.
=Ittake(人)时间+toV.take后面一定用toV
=事take(人)时间
*我花了三天写了这封信。
Ispentthreedays(in)writingthisletter.
=Itookthreedaystowritethisletter.
=Ittookmethreedaystowritethisletter.
=Thislettertookmethreedays.

103.
「花金钱」的用法
人spend金钱+(in)Ving.
on物
=Itcost(人)金钱+toV
=事cost(人)金钱cost一定指花钱
*我花了一百元买了这本书。
Ispentonehundreddollarsonthisbook.
=Itcostmeonehundreddollarstobuythisbook.
=Thisbookcostmeonehundreddollars.
104.very+adj.非常.....的
=all+抽象n.
=抽象n.+itself
*我们非常快乐。Weareveryhappy.
=Weareallhappiness.
=Wearehappinessitself.
105.表「天气」、「时间」、「距离」,主词要用It
*夜里下大雨。Itrainedheavilyduringthenight.
=Therewasaheavyrainduringthenight.
=Wehadaheavyrainduringthenight.
*今天星期五。ItisFriday(today).(=TodayisFriday.)
*距离车站有两里路。Itistwomilestothestation.

106.Itis+非人称adj.+for人+toV.描写事
Itis+褒贬人adj.+of人+toV.描写人
*你必须帮他的忙。Itisnecessaryforyoutohelphim.是事情必要,不是人必要
(=Itisnecessarythatyoushouldhelphim.)
*你真是不智接受的他的提议。
Itisunwiseofyoutoaccepthisoffer.笨的是人,不是事情
(=Youareunwisetoaccepthisoffer.)
「非人称adj.」指necessary,important,possible,difficult,hard,easy,convenient,dangerous等
「褒贬人adj.」指kind,cruel,generous,stingy,careful,careless,polite,rude,wise,foolish等

107.
It的强调句型
主词
Itis受词+that子句
副词
*昨天打他的是我。ItwasIthathithimyesterday.
*我昨天打的是他。ItwashethatIhityesterday.
*我打他是在昨天。ItwasyesterdaythatIhithim.

108.前者...................后者..............
Theformer.......thelatter.......
That..................this...............
*他有一猫一狗,猫很怕狗。
Hehasacatandadog;theformerisafraidofthelatter.
=Hehasacatandadog;thatisafraidofthethis.

109.一个...........另一个................
1.(只有两个时)one.....,andtheother......
2.(只是不同一个时)one.....,andanother......
3.(有三个时)one.....,andanother.........,andtheother......
*他有两只狗,一黑一白。Hehastwodogs;oneisblackandtheotherwhite.
*知是一回事,行是另一回事。Toknowisonething,andtodoisanother.
110.Accordingto…依照/根据……
Accordingtothenewspaper,itsagreatmovie.
根据报纸说,这是一部很棒的电影。
111.AmIallowedto…我可以……吗?
AmIallowedtointroduceournewmanagerMr.Andersontoallofyou?
请允许我介绍我们的新经理安德森先生给大家,好吗?
112.Butfor...若不是因为……。/如果没有……
Butforyourgeneroushelp,wecouldnthavefinishedtheworksosoon.
如果没有你的鼎力相助,我们不可能这么快完成工作的。
113.Asmatteroffact,…实际上……
Asmatteroffact,Idontagreewithyou.
实际上,我不大同意你的看法。
114.AsfarasImconcerned/…就我而言,…
AsfarasImconcerned,|thinkweshouldpaymoreattentiontothesafetyofschoolchildren.
就我而言,我认为我们应该更关注在校儿童的安全问题。
115.AsfarasIknow,…据我所知…
Asfaraslknow,heisnotcoming,butlmaybewrong.
据我所知,他不打算来,但我或许会弄错。
116.AsIjustmentioned...正如我刚才提到过的,……
AsIjustmentioned,nobodyshoulddropoutofschoolunlesstheybelievetheyfacetheopportunityofalifetime.Andeventhentheyshouldreconsider.
正如我刚才提到过的,任何人都不应该辍学,除非他们相信他们面临着一生中难得的机会,尽管那样,他们还需反复思量。[reconsider。.重新考虑]
117.AsIseeit,…在我看来,…
AsIseeit,heisnottherightpersonforthisposition.在我看来,他不是这个职位的合适人选。
118.Asisknowntousall,...众所周知,……
Asisknowntousall,HongKongisoneofthefinancialcentersofAsia.
众所周知,香港是亚洲金融中心之一。
119.Aslongas...只要…
Aslongasweworktogether,wecanmaketheimpossiblepossible.
只要我们一起努力,我们就能把不可能变为可能。
120.Astheproverbgoes:“Everycoinhasitstwosides”.
正像谚语所说:“任何硬币都有两面”.
121.Accordingtoarecentsurvey,fourmillionpeopledieeachyearfromdiseaseslinkedtosmoking.
依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。
122.I‘mlookingforwardtohearingfromyousoon.
希望早日收到你的来信
123.Iamverysincerely(most)(truly)gratefultoyoufor...
为了......,我非常真挚的(深深的)(真诚的)感谢您。
124.表示原因
Thereasonsforthisareasfollows.
Thereisgoodreasontobelievethat…
125.表示好处
Ithasthefollowingadvantages.
Itisbeneficialto(ofgreatbenefitto)us…
126.表示事实现状
Wecannotignorethefactthat…
Noonecandenythefactthat…
Thereisnodenyingthefactthat…
Thisisaphenomenonthatmanypeopleareinterestedin…
127.表示比较
Comparedwithsth…
Iprefertodosthratherthando.
Thereisstrikingcontrastbetweenthem.
128.表示看法
AsforasIknow.
Somepeoplebelievethat…othersarguethat…
129.表示结论
Insummary.
Inshort.
Inaword.
Thelastbutnotthetheleast…
130.套语
Fromthetable(chart、graph)listedabove,itcanbeseenthat…
Asaproverbsays,“wherethereisawill,thereisaway.”
Itgoeswithoutsayingthat…

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