托班英语童话故事教案:《The Wise Little Girl》

2020-03-19
小学托班教案 幼儿园教案托班 托班幼儿园教案

Onceuponatime...intheimmenseRussiansteppe,layalittlevillagewherenearlyalltheinhabitantsbredhorses.ItwasthemonthofOctober,whenabiglivestockmarketwasheldyearlyinthemaintown.Twobrothers,onerichandtheotheronepoor,setoffformarket.Therichmanrodeastallion,andthepoorbrotherayoungmare.Atdusk,theystoppedbesideanemptyhutandtetheredtheirhorsesoutside,beforegoingtosleepthemselvesontwoheapsofstraw.Greatwastheirsurprise,when,nextmorningtheysawthreehorsesoutside,insteadoftwo.Well,tobeexactthenewcomerwasnotreallyahorse.Itwasafoal,towhichthemarehadgivenbirthduringthenight.Soonithadthestrengthtostruggletoitsfeet,andafteradrinkofitsmothersmilk,thefoalstaggereditsfirstfewsteps.Thestalliongreeteditwithacheerfulwhinny,andwhenthetwobrothersseteyesonitforthefirsttime,thefoalwasstandingbesidethestallion.Itbelongstome!exclaimedDimitri,therichbrother,theminutehesawit.Itsmystallionsfoal.Ivan,thepoorbrother,begantolaugh.Whoeverheardofastallionhavingafoal?Itwasborntomymare!No,thatsnottrue!Itwasstandingclosetothestallion,soitsthestallionsfoal.Andthereforeitsmine!Thebrothersstartedtoquarrel,thentheydecidedtogototownandbringthematterbeforethejudges.Stillarguing,theyheadedforthebigsquarewherethecourtroomstood.Butwhattheydidntknowwasthatitwasaspecialday,thedaywhen,onceayear,theEmperorhimselfadministeredthelaw.Hehimselfreceivedallwhocameseekingjustice.Thebrotherswereusheredintohispresence,andtheytoldhimallaboutthedispute.Ofcourse,theEmperorknewperfectlywellwhowastheownerofthefoal.Hewasonthepointofproclaiminginfavorofthepoorbrother,whensuddenlyIvandevelopedanunfortunatetwitchinhiseye.TheEmperorwasgreatlyannoyedbythisfamiliaritybyahumblepeasant,anddecidedtopunishIvanforhisdisrespect.Afterlisteningtobothsidesofthestory,hedeclareditwasdifficult,indeedimpossible,tosayexactlywhowasthefoalsrightfulowner.Andbeinginthemoodforaspotoffun,andsincehelovedposingriddlesandsolvingthemaswell,totheamusementofhiscounselors,heexclaimed:Icantjudgewhichofyoushouldhavethefoal,soitwillbeawardedtowhicheverofyousolvesthefollowingfourriddles:whatisthefastestthingintheworld?Whatisthefattest?Whatsthesoftestandwhatisthemostprecious?Icommandyoutoreturntothepalaceinaweekstimewithyouranswers!Dimitristartedtopuzzleovertheanswersassoonasheleftthecourtroom.Whenhereachedhome,however,herealizedhehadnobodytohelphim.Well,Illjusthavetoseekhelp,forifIcantsolvetheseriddles,Illlosethefoal!Thenherememberedawoman,oneofhisneighbors,towhomhehadoncelentasilverducat.Thathadbeensometimeago,andwiththeinterest,theneighbornowowedhimthreeducats.Andsinceshehadareputationforbeingquick-witted,butalsoveryastute,hedecidedtoaskheradvice,inexchangeforcancelingpartofherdebt.Butthewomanwasnotslowtoshowhowastuteshereallywas,andpromptlydemandedthatthewholedebtbewipedoutinexchangefortheanswers.Thefastestthingintheworldismyhusbandsbayhorse,shesaid.Nothingcanbeatit!Thefattestisourpig!Suchahugebeasthasneverbeenseen!ThesoftestisthequiltImadeforthebed,usingmyowngoosesfeathers.Itstheenvyofallmyfriends.Themostpreciousthingintheworldismythree-montholdnephew.Thereisntamorehandsomechild.Iwouldntexchangehimforallthegoldonearth,andthatmakeshimthemostpreciousthingonearth!Dimitriwasratherdoubtfulaboutthewomansanswersbeingcorrect.Ontheotherhand,hehadtotakesomekindofsolutionbacktotheEmperor.Andheguessed,quiterightly,thatifhedidnt,hewouldbepunished.Inthemeantime,Ivan,whowasawidower,hadgonebacktothehumblecottagewherehelivedwithhissmalldaughter.Onlysevenyearsold,thelittlegirlwasoftenleftalone,andasaresult,wasthoughtfulandverycleverforherage.Thepoormantookthelittlegirlintohisconfidence,forlikehisbrother,heknewhewouldneverbeabletofindtheanswersbyhimself.Thechildsatinsilenceforamoment,thenfirmlysaid:TelltheEmperorthatthefastestthingintheworldisthecoldnorthwindinwinter.

Thefattestisthesoilinourfieldswhosecropsgivelifetomenandanimalsalike,thesoftestthingisachildscaressandthemostpreciousishonesty.ThedaycamewhenthetwobrothersweretoreturnbeforetheEmperor.Theywereledintohispresence.TheEmperorwascurioustohearwhattheyhadtosay,butheroaredwithlaughteratDimitrisfoolishanswers.However,whenitwasIvansturntospeak,afrownspreadovertheEmperorsface.Thepoorbrotherswiserepliesmadehimsquirm,especiallythelastone,abouthonesty,themostpreciousthingofall.TheEmperorknewperfectlywellthathehad

beendishonestinhisdealingswiththepoorbrother,forhehaddeniedhimjustice.Buthecouldnotbeartoadmititinfrontofhisowncounsellors,soheangrilydemanded:Whogaveyoutheseanswers?IvantoldtheEmperorthatitwashissmalldaughter.Stillannoyed,thegreat

mansaid:-~Youshallberewardedforhavingsuchawiseandcleverdaughter.Youshallbeawardedthefoalthatyourbrotherclaimed,togetherwithahundredsilverducats...But...but...andtheEmperorwinkedathiscounselors:Youwillcomebeforemeinsevendaystime,bringingyourdaughter.Andsinceshessoclever,shemustappearbeforemeneithernakednordressed,neitheronfootnoronhorseback,neitherbearinggiftsnorempty-handed.Andifshedoesthis,youwillhaveyourreward.Ifnot,youllhaveyourheadchoppedoffforyourimpudence!Theonlookersbegantolaugh,knowingthatthepoormanwouldnevertoabletofulfilltheEmperorsconditions.Ivanwenthomeindespair,hiseyesbrimmingwithtears.Butwhenhehadtoldhisdaughterwhathadhappened,shecalmlysaid:Tomorrow,goandcatchahareandapartridge.Bothmustbealive!Youllhavethefoalandthehundredsilverducats!Leaveittome!Ivan_didashisdaughtersaid.Hehadnoideawhatthetwocreatureswerefor,buthetrustedinhisdaughterswisdom.OnthedayoftheaudiencewiththeEmperor,thepalacewasthrongedwithbystanders,waitingforIvanandhissmalldaughtertoarrive.Atlast,thelittlegirlappeared,drapedinafishingnet,ridingthehareandholdigthepartridgeinherhand.Shewasneithernakednordressed,onfootoronhorseback.Scowling,theEmperortoldher:Isaidneitherbearinggiftsnorempty-handed!Atthesewords,thelittlegirlheldoutthepartridge.TheEmperorstretchedouthishandtograspit,butthebirdflutteredintotheair.Thethirdconditionhadbeenfulfilled.Inspiteofhimself,theEmperorcouldnothelpadmirlngthellttlegirlwhohadsocleverlypassedsuchatest,andinagentlervolce,hesald:Isyourfatherterriblypoor,anddoeshedesperatelyneedthefoal.Oh,yes!repliedthelittlegirl.Weliveonthehareshecatchesintheriversandthefishhepicksfromthetrees!Aha!criedtheEmperortriumphantly.Soyourenotascleverasyouseemtobe!Whoeverheardofharesintheriverandfishinthetrees!Towhichthelittlegirlswiftlyreplied:Andwhoeverheardofastallionhavingafoal?Atthat,bothEmperorandCourtburstintopealsoflaughter.Ivanwasimmediatelyglvenhishundredsilverducatsandthefoal,andtheEmperorproclalmed:Onlyinmykingdomcouldsuchawiselittlegirlbeborn!

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